Lab Grown Diamonds, also known as Lab created diamonds, Engineered Diamonds, Cultured Diamonds and Man Made Diamonds,are grown in highly controlled laboratory environments using advanced technological processes that duplicate the conditions under which diamonds naturally develop when they form in the mantle, beneath the Earth’s crust. These man-made diamonds consist of actual carbon atoms arranged in the characteristic diamond crystal structure. Since they are made of the same material as natural diamonds, they exhibit the same optical and chemical properties. Lab diamonds are grown from the tiny carbon seeds of pre-existing diamonds. Advanced technology – either extreme pressure and heat or a special deposition process – mimics the natural method of diamond formation. Lab grown fancy colored diamonds are formed when small amounts of specific trace elements are present during the growth phase of the diamond, just like in nature. In both white and fancy colored lab diamonds, the exact composition of trace elements may differ from their natural diamond counterparts. Lab diamonds can only be distinguished from natural diamonds using specialized equipment that can detect the minor differences in trace elements and crystal growth. While people have experimented with diamond growing technology for more than a century, it has only been in the last decade that we’ve been able to perfect the science of creating gem-quality lab-created diamonds in a modern-day lab. With today’s technological advances, we are growing diamonds that are free of conflict and superior in every way to earth-mined diamonds. Lab grown diamonds are now readily available in a variety of colorless ranges. Cultured diamonds are also available in fancy colors that are considered very rare in nature, including popular hues of vivid fancy yellow. Fancy colored lab created diamonds sell at comparatively reasonable prices compared to their natural colored diamond counterparts
Lab-grown Diamond Industry, being a technology intensive business requiring educated and skilled manpower and is free from Child and slave Labour. Because children are considered an easy source of cheap labour, they are regularly employed in the diamond mining industry. In some areas of Africa, children make up more than a small part of the workforce. In these mines, children come in contact with minerals, oil and machinery exhaust. Child labour in Earth-mined Diamonds industry is a widely reported and criticized issue. According to the U.S. Department of Labour (2012), diamonds are produced with child labour in Angola, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Zimbabwe. The U.S. Department of Labour notes that gemstones, possibly including diamonds, are only cut and polished with child labour in India.